MINERVA Trailing Suction Hopper Dredger (TSHD), Belgium
MINERVA is a new trailing suction hopper dredger (TSHD) being built by Royal IHC for DEME. It will be the world's first LNG-powered TSHD, when operational in 2017.
DEME placed an order with Royal IHC for two LNG-powered trailing suction hopper dredgers in April 2015. The shipbuilder and the owner were presented DPC Innovation Award for the new concept of the vessels, in November 2016.
The MINERVA TSHD was launched at Royal IHC's shipyard in Kinderdijk, the Netherlands, in December 2016. Its christening ceremony is scheduled to take place in spring 2017 in Zeebrugge, Belgium. The vessel will replace the Orwell-class TSHD.
MINERVA TSHD design details
The MINERVA dredger incorporates a hydrodynamic hull design powered by dual-fuel propulsion system. The innovative design enables the vessel to conduct maintenance dredging missions in shallow waters for extended periods.
The new-generation trailing suction hopper dredger will also comply with the extended dry-docking system requirements, extending the maximum dry-dock interval from five to 7.5 years. Some of the dry-dockings will be replaced with in-water surveys.
The vessel has received 'Green Passport' and 'Clean Design' notations and will comply with the stringent international emission standards.
The TSHD has an overall length of 83.5m, breadth of 18m, depth of 6.8m and design draught of 5m. It will have a hopper capacity of 3,500m³ and can perform dredging up to a maximum depth of 30m. It will offer accommodation for 14 personnel.
Equipment and systems aboard the TSHD
The integrated dredging control system (DCS) aboard the vessel will effectively monitor and control the dredging equipment including suction pipes, gantries, swell compensators, overflow ducts, gate valves, dredge pumps and auxiliary equipment through manual or automated modes or using artificial intelligence. The IHC Digisys software platform will allow the DCS to execute the missions.
An 80cm suction tube will be fitted for dredging to a depth of 30m. The ship can be installed with additional equipment such as degassing installations, wear-resistant pipes, bottom doors, bow couplings, self-emptying systems, jet pumps, nozzles and piping, screening systems and floating pipelines.
MINERVA TSHD propulsion
The vessel will be powered by a Wärtsilä 12V34DF and a 9L34DF engine. The nine-cylinder engine will have a rated power of 4,500kW, while the 12-cylinder engine will develop a maximum power output of 6,000kW.
The propulsion system will integrate two Wärtsilä controllable pitch propellers and two transverse thrusters. LNG to run the engines will be supplied by the LNGPac gas supply and storage system.
The dual fuel engines will allow the vessel to operate on either conventional liquid marine fuels or LNG. The engines can rapidly switch between fuels without loss of power and speed, enabling the vessel to operate in accordance with the regulations in emission-controlled areas, while providing the users option to select the fuel depending upon the cost and availability.
The engine operating in gas mode will comply with IMO Tier III regulations, without the need for the installation of any secondary exhaust gas purification systems. The gas-powered engine will reduce the SOx and CO2 emissions and will ensure smokeless operation.
The engine operating in liquid marine fuel oil mode will comply with the IMO Tier II exhaust emissions regulations. It can operate on low-sulphur fuels, allowing for operations in emission-controlled areas. The power-plant will provide the vessel a maximum speed of 12kt.