International shipping and aviation emissions have been included into the Paris agreement draft during the five-day climate talks held in Bonn, Germany.
Earlier environmental groups Seas At Risk and Transport & Environment had revealed that the draft of the Paris climate agreement to be signed in December, excluded the aviation and shipping sectors from targeted CO2 emissions cuts.
The groups had claimed that that the sectors are not covered by national targets in the Paris agreement.
With the least developed countries likely to suffer the most from the consequences of climate change, IMF and World Bank had expressed strong dissent against such levies.
T&E clean shipping and aviation manager Bill Hemmings said: “International aviation and shipping emissions are the elephants in the room for the UNFCCC.
“The Paris Agreement must send a clear signal, not a passing reference, to the UN bodies regulating these emissions, ICAO and IMO, that time is up and action is now due.
“The two degree global warming limit becomes next to impossible if Paris gives these sectors a free pass.”
Transport & Environment recommended strengthening the draft’s language to help curtail the climate impact caused by both the sectors.
According to the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), the carbon emissions from international maritime shipping could increase by 250% in the period to 2050 if left unchecked.
The present carbon emissions from maritime shipping represents up to 2.2% of the global total.
Meanwhile, Aviation is responsible for 5% of global warming.
Hemmings added: “The latest text is the result of developed and developing countries cooperating on this issue for the first time.
“There is real hope now that Paris will close these gaping loopholes.”