Norway-based research company Sintef has announced plans to conduct research on the usage of ammonia as a zero-emission fuel for the shipping industry.

The project, named Ammonia Fuel Bunkering Network, will obtain nearly $10.26m (Nkr89m) through the Green Platform Initiative.

Sintef will carry out this project in partnership with Econnect Energy, Amon Maritime, Fjord Base, Global Ocean Technology, Yara, Viridis Bulk Carriers, Hyex Safety and Arena Ocean Hyway Cluster.

As part of the project, the first bunkering terminal is expected to be operational by 2023.

This initiative will include an industry part as well as a knowledge-building part.

The joint venture Azane Fuel Solutions, formed between Econnect Energy and Amon Maritime, will be in charge of the industry part.

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It will work on the development and demonstration of an ammonia fuel bunkering network for vessels.

Meanwhile, Sintef will proceed with the project’s knowledge-building part.

It will focus on overcoming technical problems and safety issues in the design and use of ammonia-powered engines and fuel cells.

The research team will rely on experiments and modelling for refining fuel cell lifetimes and engine combustion efficiency.

Econnect Energy CFO Miriam T Wennberg said: “We will develop new models for simulation of ammonia dispersion that will make it possible to enhance the safety measures for ammonia bunkering installations.

“We will also establish better methods for techno-economic analysis and greenhouse gas assessments of the whole ammonia value chain, with a view to help decision-makers in the coming transition. Results will be disseminated effectively to facilitate a faster implementation of ammonia as a maritime fuel.”

Azane Fuel Solutions will develop, construct and run the first bunkering terminal in a Norwegian port, under real settings.